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Nov 25

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IRS marketability Practice Aid falls far short of its potential

When a minority interest in a privately-held company is transferred, a discount from the value of the entire company is calculated to reflect the lack of marketability of such an interest.  These discounts for lack of marketability (DLOMs) are important in many estate plans and related transfers.

In August, 2011, the IRS publicly released a lengthy practice aid that described its view of the primary tools and methodologies used to calculate DLOMs. The report is entitled Discount for Lack of Marketability – Job Aid for IRS Valuation Professionals. The IRS practice aid provides the IRS’ contentions regarding the primary tools and methodologies used in this area.

In the practice aid, the IRS criticizes every marketability valuation approach, but does not explain what should be done instead. Consequently, the IRS leaves the impression that (i) no meaningful DLOM is acceptable and (ii) the obviously too-small DLOMs that the IRS normally advocates must be the preferred alternative.  In this sense, the IRS practice aid fails to meaningfully advance the knowledge base in the DLOM area.

DLOMs should be calculated by a qualified business appraiser in a way to withstand the IRS’s scrutiny. Additional information about the IRS’ criticisms are contained in this article.

About the author

David Nolte

I am a founding principal of Fulcrum Inquiry, an accounting and economic consulting firm that performs damage analysis for commercial litigation, forensic accountings, financial investigations, and business valuations. I am a Certified Public Accountant (CPA) and an Accredited Senior Appraiser (ASA), as well as having other professional credentials. I regularly serve as an expert witness involving damages measurement. My litigation-oriented resume is on Fulcrum's website.

Permanent link to this article: http://betweenthenumbers.net/2011/11/irs-marketability-practice-aid-falls-far-short-of-its-potential/

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